Maharajah Surya Rao and Maharani Chinnamma Roads are two innocuous streets in Alwarpet commemorating the Rajah of Pithapuram and his wife. If his full name had been inscribed it would have required several signposts, for he was Meherban-i-Dostan Sri Maharaja Ravu Venkata Kumara Mahipathi Surya Rao Bahadur Garu, Sircar, Rajahmundry Sircar and Maharajah of Pithapuram, CBE. She was Chinnamambadevi, now mutated into Chinnamma. The Pithapuram family when in Madras, lived at Dunmore House, at the end of Murray’s Gate Road.
To this couple was born at this home on 12th May 1917, Sita Devi. Stunningly beautiful, she married the Zamindar of Vuyyur, and bore him three children. But greater things were in store. In 1943, at the Guindy Race Course, she met Pratapsingh Rao Gaekwar, Maharajah of Baroda and one of the richest men in the world. They fell in love and on the advice of the best legal brains she converted to Islam, divorced her husband, reconverted to Hinduism and married the Gaekwar. She was now HH Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sitadevi Sahib Gaekwar. He was already married and had several children through his first wife – Shanta Devi. Baroda State laws did not permit bigamy but nothing could be done when the Gaekwar cleverly argued that his State laws applied only to his subjects. In order to cool tempers, he, his new wife and their only son Sayaji Rao (nicknamed Princie) settled in Monte Carlo in 1946.
To fund their lavish lifestyle, the couple began making large withdrawals from the Baroda treasury. Many of the fabulous jewels from the Baroda collection were also spirited away. In 1947, when Baroda, along with all other princely states, became a part of independent India, Sardar Patel summoned the Gaekwar and ordered the return of all the jewels and the repayment of the money. Some pieces were returned with great reluctance. Patel, furious at this, chose to negotiate with first Maharani in the Gaekwar’s absence. In 1951, Pratapsingh Rao was deposed as the titular Maharajah by the Government of India and replaced by his son.
In 1956, Sita Devi divorced Pratapsingh Rao. He moved to London and died there an embittered man. Given the citizenship of Monaco, Sita Devi and Princie settled there. She retained her title of Maharani and went around in a Rolls-Royce sporting the Baroda arms. Her jewel collection rivalled that of the Duchess of Windsor. Mother and son were fixtures at all high society dos in Europe and fashion magazines reported on them. Trouble came in the 1970s. Tax problems and a lavish lifestyle caught up with Sita Devi. Pieces from the Baroda jewel collection began appearing on the market. Shifting to Paris in the early 1980s, she lapsed into a coma, never to recover. Princie died under mysterious circumstances in 1985. His mother, who was to never to know of this, passed away in 1989.
It was a far cry from our Alwarpet. And she does bring it a whiff of glamour.
This article appeared in The Hindu today –http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/article3596690.ece
4 responses to “The Jet-Setting Maharani from Alwarpet”
Hadn’t heard this one before. Nice happenings in sedate Alwarpet
That was a very interesting. Is this the same person who was named Chimnabhai and associated with the prehistory of MS university Baroda? It is said that she suggested the construction of a women’s college there and is said to have offered a large sum? And the maharaja being Sayyaji Rao’s grandson and the same Maharaja who founded the MS University in Baroda from where the famous GOS – Gaekwad Oriental Series set of books on many subjects including music were published? If so, their lavishness did contribute something significant.
1. This is not Chimnabai. Chimnabai was the wife of Maharajah Sayaji Rao, who was the grandfather of Pratapsingh Rao.
2. Chimnabai and Sayaji Rao were responsible for the growth of Baroda as a progressive kingdom.
3. Sayaji Rao was succeeded by Pratapsingh Rao who married Sita Devi. He was unfortunately the very opposite of his grandfather.
Thank you! So Chimnabai and Chinnamamba Devi are different people. And all Pratapsingh did was to settle his grandfather’s trust.
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